The Memorial Museum of Cosmonautics is located in the ground part of the monument "To the Conquerors of Space" a unique monument of Moscow, erected in honor of the First earth-satellite rocket launch and opened on 4 November 1964.
The Memorial Museum of Cosmonautics in Moscow was recently opened after being renovated. The Memorial Museum of Cosmonautics building is built in the shape of a silvery rocket which has risen to a 100-metre height.
The idea of this museum belonged to the S.P.Korolev–the world famous designer of space craft. The museum was opened on April, 10th, 1981. There are more than 3,500 unique space items in the museum.
The exhibits are divided into sections and each of them depicts different stages of Russian astronautics history. You will see the first artificial Earth satellite, which was placed into orbit on October 4, 1957, a module of the "Vostok" space ship and a space suite of Yuri Gagarin. There are documents, photos, awards and personal belongings of Gagarin’s in this hall.
One section is solely for the history of Moon exploration. You will see "Luna-1"–the first space ship in the world which was sent to the Moon; "Luna-3"–the space ship which took the first pictures of "dark" side of the Moon; "Luna-9"–the first space ship which reached and soft-landed on the Moon; "Lunokhod-1"– moon walker; "Luna-16"–the returnable module which brought back samples of lunar soil.
The other section is about the exploration of the planets in our Solar system. Descent modules of "Venera-4" and "Mars-3" are automatic interplanetary stations, which collected their respective information on the atmospheres of Venus and Mars.
Manned orbital-flights are represented by the original "Soyuz-37," the lock chamber of "Voshod-2" and space suits, such as "Berkut" and "Orlan- DM".
- Museum guide
- Entrance tickets
- Any transportation (extra charge by request)